The Iran-backed group has doubled down on its efforts to indoctrinate youth by establishing new, more intensive, live-in summer camp programmes.
A rehabilitation centre in the Kurdish-administered northeast seeks to prepare youth raised on extremist ideology to integrate into their communities.
A Syrian youth who joined the Iran-aligned militia for promised payment, benefits and security says he found only broken promises and indoctrination.
The Iran-backed group has graduated thousands from its military training programmes in recent weeks, exploiting the truce to shore up its position.
Yemeni activists and journalists are trying to dissuade parents from sending their children to camps where they risk indoctrination, recruitment.
In Russia's wars around the world, mercenaries are often the first to be pushed to the front lines, while Russian soldiers remain in the rear, away from real danger.
Poor living conditions and the high price of transportation have forced many students across Yemen to suspend their studies at public universities.
The 'Cash for Work' initiative has employed some 2,360 individuals to rehabilitate more than 150 historic sites in Yemen. It also seeks to promote constructive dialogue about Yemeni culture.
The camps aim to indoctrinate Yemeni children and prepare them to fight on the front lines, observers say.
The boys, who had been fighting for the Houthis, will take part in a rehabilitation programme before being returned to their families.